New Mexico ranks 36nd in population among other U.S. states with approximately 2.1 million people as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau for 2018. It is the fifth largest state in the US, but over 75% of the population lives in less than 1% of the total land area indicating a vastly rural state. In 2018, the urban population density of New Mexico was 1,929 people per square mile according to the Census, but the rural population density was only 4 people per square mile. Nearly 83% of the population is Caucasian, 3% idenitifes as African-American, and 49% as Hispanic or Latino. Of the people living with HIV (PLWH), 45% identify as Hispanic and 38% as Caucasian.