U.S./Mexico Border Health
The U.S.-Mexico Border AETC Steering Team (UMBAST) and its Federal Training Center partners offer free, expert training, technical assistance, and capacity-building programs on the prevention and treatment of HIV, tuberculosis, hepatitis C, sexually transmitted diseases, reproductive health, and related topics for clinicians working in the U.S.-Mexico border region. UMBAST is supported by the HRSA HIV/AIDS Bureau and the Minority AIDS Initiative.Our SCAETC region, specifically, houses the majority of the U.S.-Mexico border (approximately 70%), and thus has the unique opportunity to combat HIV/AIDS in this area. The federal definition of the border, currently used by the U.S. Mexico Border Health Commission, encompasses 100 kilometers (62 miles) north and south of the international boundary. This means 32 of Texas counties are within the border and 4 of New Mexico counties that lie directly on the border.
Residents along the U.S.-Mexico Border experience health problems commonly found in less developed nations, such as gastrointestinal diseases and Tuberculosis; yet also face health issues common to the rest of the U.S., such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes. Frequent border crossings, poverty, unemployment and lack of access to health care compound this health care challenge. Much of the border area is rural, and over half of the border counties have no hospital. Because of the amount of movement across the border, this region is susceptible to the movements of infectious disease such as tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections, HIV, hepatitis, shigellosis, as well as other infectious diseases.
For more information on federal presence in border health, click here.